Given that almost every South American country borders Brazil, ground shipments are a viable option for regional trade. There are a number of ground transportation routes and specialized firms available to transport cargo from South America’s Pacific Coast to destination points in Brazil.
The continued expansion of the MERCOSUR customs union greatly facilitates transportation between Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay. Companies within the bloc are able to move goods with an International Cargo Manifest – ICM, which authorizes cargo shipments on all member State roads and highways.
It is important to note that Brazilian importers can secure clearance for goods shipped by ground transportation at border checkpoints equipped with advance customs posts of the Federal Revenue Department. Annex III provides the comprehensive list and locations of Brazilian customs posts.
All transportation companies engaged in shipping cargo on South American roads must be duly authorized and comply with the regional International Ground Transport Agreement – IGTA. The agency with primary responsibility for regulating and enforcing ground transportation in Brazil is the National Agency for Ground Transportation (Agência Nacional de Transportes Terrestres – ANTT).
The use of railway networks for international cargo shipments in Brazil is not highly developed and is limited to the bordering countries of Argentina, Paraguay, and Bolivia.
Freight costs are computed based on the equivalent of 3.5 cubic meters of cargo, although goods may also be shipped as single vehicle freight.
For rail cargo shipments, International Rail Transport – ITF waybills are used.