Maritime shipping is the most common modality for importing goods into Brazil, including those originating in neighboring states of South America.
The preference of importers and exporters for maritime shipping is based on cost advantages, particularly in the case of large product volumes.
Brazilian maritime shipping companies are represented by a network of maritime agencies located in the country’s largest cities. These firms are authorized to negotiate freight costs with exporters and importers and to issue bills of lading and cargo documents.
The primary advantage of air shipments involve speed of delivery, although the associated costs are far higher than those for maritime shipments.
There are a number of airline companies offering international air cargo services from abroad to virtually any destination in Brazil. In addition express air delivery (courier) services are available to ship documents as well as small orders.
The majority of Brazilian airline companies are members of the International Air Transport Association – IATA or the International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO.
These organizations require airlines to charge pre-established freights and to list the contents of cargo on the respective airway bills – AWB.
For destinations located in the North, Northeast, and Center-West Regions, transshipment is required at airports in the country’s Southeast Region, including Viracopos (São Paulo) or Galeão (Rio de Janeiro). As a consequence, delivery times to these areas are longer.